Couthon, Georges

   revolutionary, political figure
   Born in Orcet, Auvergne, Georges Couthon was an attorney in Clermont-Ferrand, where he served as president of the city tribunal (1789) and gained a reputation for fairness and prudence. At the beginning of the revolution of 1789, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly and sat with the democratic Left. Reelected to the Convention as a montagnard, he became a member of the Committee of Public Safety (July 10, 1793) and, forming a triumvirate with maximilien robespierre and louis saint-just, took control of the government. He showed a certain moderation in the repression of the federalist and royalist insurrection at lyon (late August-early September 1793), and could not bring himself to destroy that city completely, as was ordered by the Convention. Meanwhile, returning to Paris, he was elected president of the Legislative Assembly (December 12, 1793) and fought strongly against the Hébertists as well as the Dantonists, or Indulgents. He was also largely responsible for the Convention's adopting the Law of 22 Prairial (June 10, 1794), which reorganized the Revolutionary Tribunal by eliminating defense attorneys, witnesses, and preliminary instruction in the trials of suspects. On 9 Thermidor (July 27, 1794), Cou-thon was ordered arrested along with Robespierre, and was guillotined the next day.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Couthon, Georges — ▪ French Jacobin leader born Dec. 22, 1755, Orcet, Fr. died July 28, 1794, Paris       close associate of Robespierre (Robespierre, Maximilien de) and Louis de Saint Just (Saint Just, Louis de) on the Committee of Public Safety that ruled… …   Universalium

  • COUTHON, GEORGES —    a violent revolutionary, one of a triumvirate with Robespierre and St. Just, who would expel every one from the Jacobin Club who could not give evidence of having done something to merit hanging, should a counter revolution arrive; was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Couthon — Georges Couthon Georges Couthon Parlementaire français Naissance 22  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Couthon — Mandats Député de la Législative 9 septembre 1791 – 20 septembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Couthon — Georges August Couthon. Georges Auguste Couthon (22 December 1755 – 28 July 1794) a French politician and lawyer in the French Revolution. Couthon would befriend Robespierre and serve on the Committee of Public Safety with him from 30 May 1793… …   Wikipedia

  • Couthon — Georges Auguste Couthon Georges Auguste Couthon Georges Auguste Couthon (* 22. Dezember 1755 in Orcet, Auvergne; † 28. Juli …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Couthon — Georges Auguste Couthon Georges Auguste Couthon Georges Auguste Couthon (* 22. Dezember 1755 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • COUTHON (G. A.) — COUTHON GEORGES AUGUSTE (1755 1794) Fils d’un notaire, Couthon devient avocat à Riom, mais il est atteint d’une paralysie des jambes dès 1788. Président du tribunal de district de Clermont Ferrand en décembre 1790, il est élu à la Législative en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Georges Danton — Georges Jacques Danton According to a biographer, Danton s height was colossal, his make athletic, his features strongly marked, coarse, and displeasing; his voice shook the domes of the halls .[1] President of the …   Wikipedia

  • Couthon — (Georges) (1755 1794) homme politique français. Membre du Comité de salut public, il réprima l insurrection de Lyon (1793). Il fut guillotiné …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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